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National CrossTalk Fall 1999
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Sample AP Questions


If the public’s desire to hold money as currency increases, what will the impact be on the banking system?
(A) Banks would be more able to reduce unemployment.
(B) Banks would be more able to decrease aggregate supply.
(C) Banks would be less able to decrease aggregate supply.
(D) Banks would be more able to expand credit.
(E) Banks would be less able to expand credit.

Correct answer: E
Percent correct: 61%
(Sixty-one percent of the students who took the test, na-tionally, answered correctly.)

Which of the following could cause simultaneous increases in inflation and unemployment?

(A) A decrease in government spending.
(B) A decrease in the money supply.
(C) A decrease in the velocity of money.
(D) An increase in inflationary expectations.
(E) An increase in the overall level of productivity.

Correct answer: D
Percent correct: 45%

Essay question:
Assume that the economy is in a recession.

(A) Explain each of the following:
     (i) Monetary and fiscal policies advocated by monetarists to eliminate the recession.
     (ii) Monetary and fiscal policies advocated by Keynesians to eliminate the recession.
(B) Explain how monetarists and Keynesians differ in their conclusions about the effects of crowding out asso-ciated with the stabilization policies outlined in Part (a).

English Literature
Free Response question:
The eighteenth-century British novelist Laurence Sterne wrote, “No body, but he who has felt it, can conceive what a plaguing thing it is to have a man’s mind torn asunder by two projects of equal strength, both obstinately pulling in a con-trary direction at the same time.”
From a novel or play choose a character (not necessarily the protagonist) whose mind is pulled in conflicting directions by two compelling desires, ambitions, obligations, or influ-ences. Then, in a well-organized essay, identify each of the two conflicting forces and explain how this conflict within one character illuminates the meaning of the work as a whole. You may use one of the novels or plays listed below or another novel or play of similar literary quality.

United States History
Free response:
Analyze the degree to which the Articles of Confederation provided an effective form of government with respect to any TWO of the following.

Foreign relations
Economic conditions
Western lands

Multiple choice:
Accounts of North Vietnamese torpedo-boat attacks on United States destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin during the summer of 1964 were used to justify which of the following United States actions in Vietnam?

(A) Delivery of a formal diplomatic protest to Hanoi.
(B) Discontinuation of American naval involvement.
(C) Escalation of the American war effort.
(D) Withdrawal of all American military advisers.
(E) Introduction of the Vietnamization program.

Correct answer: C
Percent correct: 79%

The goals of educational reformers in the antebellum years included all of the following EXCEPT

(A) compulsory school-attendance laws.
(B) the use of state and local tax money to finance public education.
(C) the establishment of teacher-training schools.
(D) a standardized length for the school year.
(E) federal financing of secondary education.

Correct answer: E
Percent correct: 27%

Calculus AB
If the base b of a triangle is increasing at a rate of 3 inches per minute while its height h is decreasing at a rate of 3 inches per minute, which of the following must be true about the area A of the triangle?

(A) A is always increasing.
(B) A is always decreasing.
(C) A is decreasing only when b < h.
(D) A is decreasing only when b > h.
(E) A remains constant.
Correct answer: A
Percent correct: 32%

If f (x) = sin (e-x ), then f’(x) =

(A) -cos(e-x )
(B) cos(e-x ) + e-x
(C) cos (e-x) - e-x
(D) e-x cos(e-x)
(E) -e-x cos(e-x )

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