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American Association of Colleges for Teacher
American Association of State Colleges and
American Association of University Professors
Abele, John, 27
Academic Enrichment Center (at East Carolina University),
academic freedom: and non-tenured faculty at Florida Gulf Coast
University, 24; and anti-terrorismmeasures, 275–279; and
muzzling of professors who are not on a tenure track, 285–286
access: and distance learning, Western Governors University, 45–50;
andWGU Indiana, 53; for minorities and lower-income groups,
115; curtailed, due to fee increases, enrollment restrictions
in California, 135; and California Master Plan for Higher
Education, 136, 138, 259; and California EDGE Campaign,
140; and South Carolina’s “performance indicators,” 143; for
low-income students in Colorado, 155, 158, 159; and marginal
success of HOPE scholarship program, 169; and Oregon
Opportunity Grants, 175; to bachelor’s degree programs, under
Kentucky reform legislation, 191; and Florida’s governance
of public education, 200, 202; as a goal of Virginia higher
education restructuring, 204, 205, 207; and need-based aid at
University System of Maryland, 211; and effect of fee increases
at California institutions, 217, 218, 220; and racial diversity
at British institutions, 232, 235; and Obama administration
policies, 251, 252, 254; and boost in funding for College Access
Challenge Grants, 255; and social obligation, 260; as a lesser
concern than completion of degree programs, 263, 265; and
improving college readiness, degree-completion rates, 269; and
loss of opportunity in U.S., 273; for foreign scholars, 277; and
Higher Education Act of 1965, 297; and negative effect of merit-
based financial aid, 298, 299; and attempt to simultaneously
control costs, increase quality, 301; andWest Virginia reforms,
305–307; as a virtual right in the public’s mind, 316; and
growing concern over, 317, 318; and concerns among working
families, 321; and growing stratification of institutions, 323.
affordability, tuition
accreditation: and St. John’s College, 4; and Frank LloydWright
School of Architecture, 9, 11, 12, 13; and Florida Gulf Coast
University, 22, 24; and Olin College, 28; andWestern Governors
University, 46–49; of degree-granting programs in South
Carolina, 143; of American InterContinental University, 254;
and postsecondary preparation, 266
American Council on Education
Achievement Council, 58
ACT (American College Testing) test, and: Berea College applicants,
16; male enrollment figures, 116, 118; South Carolina
institutions, 144; assessment of senior-year learning, 263, 264;
multiple choice format, 265; college-readiness benchmarks, 267;
remedial education, 267; basis for scholarships in Arkansas, 298
Adams State College, in Alamosa, Colorado, 153, 158
Adams, Ron, 178
Adelman, Clifford, 264
admissions: at Frank LloydWright School of Architecture, and
standards, 12; committee, Berea College, 14; standards, and
high school curriculum, El Paso Collaborative for Academic
Excellence, 59; and teacher education, standards, 69;
counselors at East Carolina University, 108; and declining male
enrollments, 118; restrictions, and controlling enrollment in
California, 135, 139; standards in Colorado, 156; and “Core
40” curriculum in Indiana, 178; at Florida community colleges,
standards, 214; and early applications to California public
universities, 218; in California, and stricter enforcement of
standards, 220; preference for higher-paying foreign students
at British universities, 231; and Obama administration policy
on bonuses, 252; process, and high school seniors, 263–266;
criteria, and college readiness, 267; and impact of big-time
athletics on integrity of process, 281; and commercialization of
higher education, 282; process, from perspective of a parent,
Advanced Placement (AP), and: early college, 65; junior and
senior year of high school, 67, 263; earlier degree completion,
211; nationally aligned content, 264; college readiness, 264;
appropriate weight in class rankings, 265; college application
process, 311, 313
affirmative action: for male students, 117, 118; and unraveling of, at
UC in the late 1990s, 136; and alternative strategies to achieve
diversity, 139; and less-selective admissions at Cal State, 139; at
Florida universities, and Jeb Bush’s attempt to eliminate, 214.
affordability: andWestern Governors University, 49; and use of
educational technology, Delta Cost Project, 93; and failing
grade for Tennessee,
Measuring Up 2008
, 147; and Illinois’
grade reduced fromA (
Measuring Up 2000
) to D (
Up 2004
), 165; and budget cuts, tuition increases, 190; and
studies by Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education,
196; and Florida, need for state-level authority, 202; and British
universities charging maximum tuition allowed, 235; and efforts
inWest Virginia to preserve and promote, 306; and declining
availability of higher education, 315, 318.
See also
access, tuition
Agresto, John, 4–6; (photo), 5
Ainsworth, Terry, 141
Aitchison, Andrew, 158
Alexandra, Nicholas, 8
Alley, Keith, 37
Allison Barber: WGU Indiana’s chancellor leads a public relations
(sidebar), 54
Alpert, Dede, 138
Alvarez, Soly, 96
American Association of Colleges and Universities, 255
American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE),
72, 293
American Association of Collegiate Schools of Business, 292
American Association of Community Colleges, 79, 253
American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU),
125, 126, 187, 189
American Association of University Professors (AAUP), and:
censure of institutions and professors, 275, 276; academic
freedom, 285
American Association of UniversityWomen, and: political
influence, 119
American Civil Liberties Union of Michigan, 298
American College Testing.
American Council on Education (ACE), and: gender imbalance in
higher education, 117; minority and low-income male students,
118; Charles Reed, 122; K–20 plan in Florida, 198; Robert H.
Atwell, 201; higher-education associations inWashington, DC,
251; expanding the state role in higher education, 251; money
spent on federal lobbying, 253; institutional autonomy, 255
American Graduation Initiative, 249–251
American InterContinental University, 254