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Executive Summary
 
Introduction
 
The Context: State Budgeting and Higher Education's Vulnerability
 
The Continuing Battle to Sustain Current Support for Higher Education
 
Recent Experience: The Recession of the Early 1990s
 
What's Different?
 
Unprecedented Enrollment Growth
 
The Tuition Conundrum
 
Student Support
 
Concluding Observation
 
References
 
About the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education
 

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Page 11 of 12

References


Bowen, Frank M., and Lyman A. Glenny. State Budgeting for Higher Education: State Fiscal Stringency and Public Higher Education. Berkeley: Center for Research and Development in Higher Education, 1976.

Callan, Patrick M. "Five Years in Retrospect: The California Higher Education Policy Center, 1992 to 1997." In The California Higher Education Policy Center: An Assessment. San Francisco: The James Irvine Foundation, March 1998.

Callan, Patrick M., and Joni E. Finney, eds. Public and Private Financing of Higher Education: Shaping Public Policy for the Future. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education/Oryx Press, 1997.

Chance, William, and William Pickens. "On a Collision Course: Enrollment Growth in Higher Education and Tight State Budget Conditions." San Jose: National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, prepared in 2001, unpublished.

The Chronicle of Higher Education, Almanac Issue 2001-02, Aug. 31, 2001.

The College Board. Trends in College Pricing 2001. New York: College Board Publications, 2001.
–––. Trends in Student Aid 1980 to 1990 (1990); Trends in Student Aid 1987 to 1997 (1997); Trends in Student Aid 2001 (2001). New York: College Board Publications.

"Colleges Brace for the Economic Downturn." The Chronicle of Higher Education, April 20, 2001.

Conklin, Kristin D. Federal Tax Credits and State Higher Education Policy. San Jose: National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Dec. 1998.

"Economic Focus: Educational Attainment." The Wall Street Journal, Aug. 22, 2001, p. B8.

Eckl, Corina, and Arturo Pérez. "State Budget & Tax Actions 2001--Preliminary Report." NCSL News. Denver: National Conference of State Legislators, Aug. 1, 2001.

"Economic Focus: Educational Attainment." The Wall Street Journal, Aug. 22, 2001.

Gerald, Debra E., and William J. Husser. Projections of Education Statistics to 2011. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, NCES 2001-083, Aug. 2001.

Gold, Steven D., ed. The Fiscal Crisis of the States: Lessons for the Future. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1995.

Grapevine: A National Database of Tax Support for Higher Education. Normal, IL: Center for Higher Education and Educational Finance, Illinois State University, 1997-2000. (Internet publication: http://www.coe.ilstu.edu/grapevine/.)

Halstead, Kent. State Profiles: Financing Public Higher Education 1978 to 1995. Washington, D.C.: Research Associates of Washington, 1998.

Hovey, Harold A. State Spending for Higher Education in the Next Decade: The Battle to Sustain Current Support. San Jose: National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, July 1999.

Hovey, Kendra A., and Harold A. Hovey. CQ's State Fact Finder 2001. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2001.

Immerwahr, John. Enduring Values, Changing Concerns: What Californians Expect from Their Higher Education System. San Jose: The California Higher Education Policy Center, Feb. 1997.
–––. The Price of Admission, The Growing Importance of Higher Education. San Jose: National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 1998.

Immerwahr, John, and Steve Farkas. The Closing Gateway: Californians Consider Their Higher Education System. San Jose: The California Higher Education Policy Center, Sept. 1993.

Immerwahr, John, and Tony Foleno. Great Expectations: How the Public and Parents-White, African American and Hispanic-View Higher Education. San Jose: National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, May 2000.

Martinez, Mario C. and Thad Nodine. "California: Financing Higher Education Amid Policy Drift," in Public and Private Financing of Higher Education, edited by Patrick M. Callan and Joni E. Finney. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education/Oryx Press, 1997.

National Association of State Grant and Aid Programs. 28th Annual Survey Report, 1996-97 Academic Year. Albany: New York State Higher Education Services Corporation, March 1998.
–––. 31st Annual Survey Report, 1999-2000 Academic Year. Albany: New York State Higher Education Services Corporation, April 2001.

National Center for Education Statistics. Current Fund Revenues and Expenditures of Degree Granting Institutions: Fiscal Year 1996. E.D. Tab. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, 1999.
–––. Current Fund Revenues and Expenditures of Higher Education: Fiscal Years 1980 through 1988 (1991); Fiscal Years 1987 through 1995 (1997); Fiscal Year 1996 (1999). E.D. Tab. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education.
–––. Digest of Education Statistics, years 1984 through 2000. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, annual volumes 1985 to 2001.
–––. Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System--Peer Analysis Program. E.D. Tab. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, 2000. http://nces.ed.gov/ipedspas/index.asp, accessed on Sept. 15, 2001.

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. Measuring Up 2000: The State-by-State Report Card for Higher Education. San Jose: 2000.

National Governors Association and National Association of State Budget Officers, The Fiscal Survey of the States. Washington, D.C.: June 2001.

U.S. Bureau of the Census. "Median Income for Four Person Families, By State." Washington, D.C.: Census Bureau, 2001. http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/4person.html, accessed on September 20, 2001.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Current Price Index for All Urban Consumers. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2001. http://www.bls.gov/cpi/home.htm, accessed on September 15, 2001.

Washington State Higher Education Coordinating Board. Tuition and Fee Rates: A National Comparison. Olympia, WA: volumes 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000.

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education and the College Board, Knocking at the College Door. Boulder: Feb. 1999.

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