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    Introduction

    Chapter 1: Five National Trends

    Chapter 2: State Policies for Affordable Higher Education

    Chapter 3: Questions and Answers about Losing Ground

    Chapter 4: 2002 Update for the States: "A Dire Situation"

    Chapter 5: Public Concerns about the Price of College

    Chapter 6: Taking Care of the Middle Class

    Chapter 7: Profiles of American College Students

    Appendix: State Trends

    Acknowledgments

    BACK

  • APPENDIX: STATE TRENDS

    CLICK HERE for data sources

    The state information provided in this appendix to Losing Ground mirrors, as closely as possible, the national trends highlighted in chapter 1 of this report. The primary purpose of this appendix is to assess state trends in relation to nationwide trends on the affordability of higher education.

    For the most part, this section focuses on state trends over the past decade. In every case, the data used are the most recent available for all 50 states.

    For more information about the performance of each state on the affordability of higher education, see the National Center's Measuring Up 2000: The State-by-State Report Card for Higher Education, available at www.highereducation.org.

    ALL DOLLAR AMOUNTS ARE ADJUSTED FOR INFLATION.
    Tuition and Fees. Figures for annual tuition and fees at public two- and four-year colleges and universities are for 1992 and 2001. Figures for annual tuition and fees at private four-year colleges and universities are for 1991 and 2000.
    Income. Figures for annual median family income are for four-person families and are for 1991 and 2000.
    Appropriations. Figures for annual per-student state and local appropriations for higher education are for 1992 and 2000.
    Student Financial Aid. Figures for state financial aid per student are for 1990 and 1999. Figures for total state financial aid as a percentage of Pell Grant aid are for 1999.

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
  • ALABAMA
    Trends over the last ten years in Alabama:
    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 54% (from $1,277 to $1,964).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 41% (from $2,313 to $3,261).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 17% (from $8,263 to $9,698).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 8% (from $48,940 to $52,915).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 18% (from $5,700 to $6,751).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 46% (from $84 to $46).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 1% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    ALASKA
    Trends over the last ten years in Alaska:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 32% (from $1,626 to $2,148).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 35% (from $2,598 to $3,495).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 23% (from $7,630 to $9,363).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 6% (from $64,652 to $68,777).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student decreased 6% (from $11,210 to $10,541).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 100% (from $34 to $0).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 0% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    ARIZONA
    Trends over the last ten years in Arizona:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 13% (from $823 to $930).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 24% (from $2,007 to $2,486).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 35% (from $7,012 to $9,446).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 12% (from $51,185 to $57,247).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 3% (from $5,634 to $5,826).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 49% (from $28 to $14).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 2% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    ARKANSAS
    Trends over the last ten years in Arkansas:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 56% (from $962 to $1,503).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 77% (from $1,962 to $3,477).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 43% (from $6,556 to $9,360).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 2% (from $44,946 to $45,804).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 4% (from $6,543 to $6,778).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 302% (from $90 to $360).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 31% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    CALIFORNIA
    Trends over the last ten years in California:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 24% (from $265 to $330).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 2% (from $1,858 to $1,897).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 18% (from $15,301 to $18,091).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 7% (from $60,650 to $65,005).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 38% (from $5,916 to $8,156).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 56% (from $190 to $295).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 41% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    COLORADO
    Trends over the last ten years in Colorado:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 25% (from $1,604 to $1,999).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 17% (from $2,142 to $2,511).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 24% (from $13,283 to $16,416).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 22% (from $56,089 to $68,520).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student decreased 1% (from $4,105 to $4,085).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 73% (from $178 to $307).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 47% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    CONNECTICUT
    Trends over the last ten years in Connecticut:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 17% (from $1,611 to $1,888).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 21% (from $3,436 to $4,165).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 20% (from $17,250 to $20,724).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 20% (from $70,839 to $85,055).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 22% (from $5,412 to $6,618).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 48% (from $243 to $361).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 92% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    DELAWARE
    Trends over the last ten years in Delaware:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 30% (from $1,318 to $1,710).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 13% (from $4,698 to $5,290).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 9% (from $8,002 to $8,694).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 13% (from $63,105 to $71,334).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 9% (from $4,834 to $5,271).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 37% (from $62 to $39).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 8% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    FLORIDA
    Trends over the last ten years in Florida:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 24% (from $1,226 to $1,525).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 18% (from $2,153 to $2,551).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 27% (from $11,118 to $14,113).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 8% (from $52,641 to $56,926).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 40% (from $4,342 to $6,077).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 116% (from $239 to $516).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 12% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    GEORGIA
    Trends over the last ten years in Georgia:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 7% (from $1,394 to $1,486).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 20% (from $2,074 to $2,480).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 32% (from $10,596 to $13,956).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 14% (from $53,668 to $61,182).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 24% (from $5,200 to $6,449).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 605% (from $147 to $1,033).
  • Georgia provided no financial aid to Pell Grant recipients. (In 2001, Georgia changed its HOPE Scholarship criteria to include those receiving Pell Grants. In prior years, low-income students were not eligible for Pell Grants.)
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    HAWAII
    Trends over the last ten years in Hawaii:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 83% (from $581 to $1,064).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 79% (from $1,814 to $3,253).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 35% (from $6,115 to $8,252).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 6% (from $64,192 to $67,746).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student decreased 25% (from $9,914 to $7,440).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 44% (from $20 to $11).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 2% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    IDAHO
    Trends over the last ten years in Idaho:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 23% (from $1,139 to $1,406).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 63% (from $1,671 to $2,732).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 36% (from $10,339 to $14,050).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 15% (from $47,837 to $55,251).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 6% (from $5,551 to $5,906).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 19% (from $19 to $23).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 2% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    ILLINOIS
    Trends over the last ten years in Illinois:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 13% (from $1,397 to $1,580).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 27% (from $3,326 to $4,215).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 31% (from $12,193 to $15,917).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 18% (from $59,433 to $70,055).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 26% (from $5,144 to $6,463).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 37% (from $546 to $747).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 136% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    INDIANA
    Trends over the last ten years in Indiana:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 4% (from $2,439 to $2,540).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 27% (from $3,103 to $3,947).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 48% (from $11,138 to $16,538).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 17% (from $54,417 to $63,845).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 10% (from $4,839 to $5,335).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 61% (from $289 to $463).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 83% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    IOWA
    Trends over the last ten years in Iowa:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 33% (from $1,828 to $2,422).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 22% (from $2,812 to $3,440).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 23% (from $12,250 to $15,086).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 15% (from $51,704 to $59,569).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 9% (from $5,600 to $6,129).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased less that 1% (from $373 to $374).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 66% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state
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    KANSAS
    Trends over the last ten years in Kansas:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 32% (from $1,098 to $1,446).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 15% (from $2,111 to $2,424).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 35% (from $8,500 to $11,497).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 10% (from $52,899 to $58,400).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 11% (from $5,757 to $6,370).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 36% (from $75 to $103).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 18% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    KENTUCKY
    Trends over the last ten years in Kentucky:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 64% (from $884 to $1,450).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 44% (from $2,018 to $2,897).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 43% (from $7,371 to $10,558).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 12% (from $47,142 to $52,707).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 28% (from $5,376 to $6,854).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 83% (from $191 to $350).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 35% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    LOUISIANA
    Trends over the last ten years in Louisiana:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 4% (from $1,346 to $1,403).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 11% (from $2,320 to $2,578).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 20% (from $13,489 to $16,233).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 4% (from $46,947 to $48,711).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 2% (from $4,701 to $4,791).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 797% (from $44 to $391).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 1% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    MAINE
    Trends over the last ten years in Maine:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 12% (from $1,818 to $2,040).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 12% (from $3,305 to $3,690).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 17% (from $14,497 to $16,901).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 10% (from $52,338 to $57,785).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 7% (from $5,168 to $5,504).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 58% (from $164 to $260).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 36% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    MARYLAND
    Trends over the last ten years in Maryland:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 24% (from $1,893 to $2,345).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 43% (from $3,329 to $4,769).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 31% (from $14,869 to $19,508).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 20% (from $66,449 to $79,769).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 15% (from $5,657 to $6,480).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 65% (from $160 to $265).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 42% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    MASSACHUSETTS
    Trends over the last ten years in Massachusetts:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions decreased 15% (from $2,676 to $2,279).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions decreased 17% (from $3,986 to $3,295).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 24% (from $17,130 to $21,172).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 21% (from $66,491 to $80,245).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 47% (from $2,478 to $3,650).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 60% (from $213 to $340).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 85% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    MICHIGAN
    Trends over the last ten years in Michigan:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions decreased 1% (from $1,638 to $1,616).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 39% (from $3,244 to $4,501).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 17% (from $9,796 to $11,506).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 22% (from $58,000 to $70,696).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 19% (from $5,653 to $6,699).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 2% (from $243 to $247).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 48% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    MINNESOTA
    Trends over the last ten years in Minnesota:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 29% (from $2,131 to $2,750).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 24% (from $2,873 to $3,561).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 26% (from $13,453 to $16,924).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 25% (from $58,234 to $72,561).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 3% (from $6,039 to $6,242).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 2% (from $541 to $554).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 116% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    MISSISSIPPI
    Trends over the last ten years in Mississippi:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 7% (from $1,189 to $1,278).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 17% (from $2,732 to $3,207).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 36% (from $7,273 to $9,886).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 8% (from $44,133 to $47,649).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 49% (from $5,275 to $7,872).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 1,143% (from $15 to $190).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 1% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    MISSOURI
    Trends over the last ten years in Missouri:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 93% (from $1,150 to $2,214).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 33% (from $2,576 to $3,436).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 22% (from $10,636 to $12,962).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 20% (from $52,382 to $62,914).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 28% (from $3,805 to $4,857).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 31% (from $137 to $180).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 18% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    MONTANA
    Trends over the last ten years in Montana:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 26% (from $1,440 to $1,818).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 46% (from $2,200 to $3,222).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 24% (from $7,873 to $9,759).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 1% (from $46,933 to $47,455).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student decreased 22% (from $5,348 to $4,184).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 370% (from $17 to $82).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 6% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    NEBRASKA
    Trends over the last ten years in Nebraska:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 22% (from $1,212 to $1,480).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 39% (from $2,095 to $2,916).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 28% (from $9,510 to $12,219).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 13% (from $51,810 to $58,663).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 13% (from $5,735 to $6,463).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 91% (from $37 to $70).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 14% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    NEVADA
    Trends over the last ten years in Nevada:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 24% (from $1,060 to $1,320).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 9% (from $2,102 to $2,295).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 25% (from $9,037 to $11,341).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 11% (from $55,156 to $61,310).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student decreased 17% (from $7,219 to $5,977).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 792% (from $14 to $126).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 27% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    NEW HAMPSHIRE
    Trends over the last ten years in New Hampshire:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition data for public two-year institutions in New Hampshire are unavailable.
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 52% (from $3,656 to $5,557).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 17% (from $15,425 to $18,105).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 19% (from $61,954 to $73,700).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 11% (from $1,897 to $2,099).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 44% (from $23 to $33).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 8% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    NEW JERSEY
    Trends over the last ten years in New Jersey:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 21% (from $1,984 to $2,399).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 47% (from $3,924 to $5,762).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 20% (from $14,344 to $17,250).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 14% (from $70,702 to $80,795).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 10% (from $7,166 to $7,871).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 37% (from $616 to $846).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 113% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    NEW MEXICO
    Trends over the last ten years in New Mexico:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased less than 1% (from $747 to $750).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 34% (from $1,520 to $2,042).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 25% (from $11,619 to $14,474).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 8% (from $45,167 to $48,660).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 9% (from $7,153 to $7,808).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 91% (from $240 to $459).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 25% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    NEW YORK
    Trends over the last ten years in New York:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 10% (from $2,415 to $2,657).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 11% (from $3,662 to $4,081).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 24% (from $14,418 to $17,930).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 9% (from $60,657 to $66,356).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 7% (from $4,510 to $4,805).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 13% (from $713 to $806).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 91% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    NORTH CAROLINA
    Trends over the last ten years in North Carolina:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 41% (from $703 to $992).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 47% (from $1,536 to $2,255).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 33% (from $11,041 to $14,683).
    Income
  • Median family Income increased 13% (from $51,926 to $58,831).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 21% (from $7,062 to $8,526).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 183% (from $137 to $387).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 30% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    NORTH DAKOTA
    Trends over the last ten years in North Dakota:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions decreased 2% (from $2,074 to $2,040).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 34% (from $2,171 to $2,909).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 11% (from $7,425 to $8,249).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 13% (from $48,353 to $54,652).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 3% (from $5,247 to $5,426).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 22% (from $61 to $74).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 8% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    OHIO
    Trends over the last ten years in Ohio:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 4% (from $2,204 to $2,300).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 32% (from $3,845 to $5,058).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 26% (from $12,667 to $15,915).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 17% (from $54,874 to $64,022).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 33% (from $4,198 to $5,590).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 62% (from $257 to $415).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 40% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    OKLAHOMA
    Trends over the last ten years in Oklahoma:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 25% (from $1,216 to $1,520).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 27% (from $1,710 to $2,171).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 38% (from $7,933 to $10,971).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 6% (from $47,181 to $49,838).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 20% (from $5,079 to $6,079).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 35% (from $154 to $208).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 16% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    OREGON
    Trends over the last ten years in Oregon:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 52% (from $1,272 to $1,934).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 14% (from $3,214 to $3,650).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 35% (from $13,500 to $18,215).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 15% (from $52,365 to $59,974).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student decreased 2% (from $6,221 to $6,113).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 15% (from $132 to $152).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 24% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    PENNSYLVANIA
    Trends over the last ten years in Pennsylvania:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 14% (from $1,992 to $2,277).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 22% (from $4,085 to $4,969).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 28% (from $14,355 to $18,383).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 20% (from $56,190 to $67,272).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 14% (from $3,839 to $4,376).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 44% (from $425 to $612).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 104% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    RHODE ISLAND
    Trends over the last ten years in Rhode Island:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions decreased 2% (from $1,888 to $1,854).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 12% (from $3,153 to $3,521).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 24% (from $15,298 to $18,939).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 17% (from $60,061 to $70,365).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 15% (from $2,497 to $2,871).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 51% (from $229 to $112).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 21% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    SOUTH CAROLINA
    Trends over the last ten years in South Carolina:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 52% (from $1,221 to $1,856).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 23% (from $3,080 to $3,790).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 38% (from $9,561 to $13,152).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 14% (from $50,886 to $57,896).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 4% (from $6,248 to $6,495).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 246% (from $193 to $666).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 34% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    SOUTH DAKOTA
    Trends over the last ten years in South Dakota:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition data for public two-year institutions in South Dakota are unavailable.
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 45% (from $2,557 to $3,702).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 29% (from $8,981 to $11,570).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 20% (from $47,338 to $56,719).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student decreased 9%(from $4,308 to $3,911).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 100% (from $27 to $0).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 0% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    TENNESSEE
    Trends over the last ten years in Tennessee:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 42% (from $1,149 to $1,626).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 62% (from $2,002 to $3,246).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 37% (from $9,722 to $13,289).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 13% (from $50,129 to $56,461).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 2% (from $5,022 to $5,135).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 2% (from $113 to $116).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 17% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    TEXAS
    Trends over the last ten years in Texas:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 29% (from $871 to $1,122).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 63% (from $1,747 to $2,841).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 35% (from $9,076 to $12,284).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 8% (from $50,977 to $55,036).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 19% (from $5,331 to $6,328).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 334% (from $53 to $229).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 30% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    UTAH
    Trends over the last ten years in Utah:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 7% (from $1,524 to $1,626).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 16% (from $1,946 to $2,252).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 29% (from $2,966 to $3,836).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 14% (from $51,395 to $58,666).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 11% (from $4,101 to $4,570).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 64% (from $14 to $24).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 4% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    VERMONT
    Trends over the last ten years in Vermont:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 29% (from $2,421 to $3,124).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 15% (from $4,480 to $5,132).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions decreased 1% (from $16,263 to $16,125).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 12% (from $54,534 to $60,807).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student decreased 3% (from $2,339 to $2,259).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 4% (from $504 to $482).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 91% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    VIRGINIA
    Trends over the last ten years in Virginia:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions decreased 25% (from $1,553 to $1,159).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions decreased 10% (from $4,251 to $3,841).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 27% (from $10,757 to $13,677).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 21% (from $57,847 to $69,990).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 29% (from $4,649 to $5,998).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 202% (from $131 to $395).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 45% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    WASHINGTON
    Trends over the last ten years in Washington:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 38% (from $1,261 to $1,743).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 36% (from $2,253 to $3,071).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 24% (from $13,158 to $16,334).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 14% (from $57,190 to $65,377).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 2% (from $5,768 to $5,870).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 147% (from $151 to $375).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 63% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    WEST VIRGINIA
    Trends over the last ten years in West Virginia:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 30% (from $1,347 to $1,747).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 18% (from $2,248 to $2,645).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 15% (from $11,721 to $13,438).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 4% (from $45,722 to $47,587).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 7% (from $4,980 to $5,332).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student increased 112% (from $110 to $233).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 28% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    WISCONSIN
    Trends over the last ten years in Wisconsin:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 37% (from $1,914 to $2,619).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 32% (from $2,477 to $3,272).
  • Tuition at private four-year institutions increased 34% (from $11,527 to $15,421).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 23% (from $55,582 to $68,624).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 9% (from $6,214 to $6,794).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased less than 1% (from $252 to $251).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 58% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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    WYOMING
    Trends over the last ten years in Wyoming:

    Tuition and Fees
  • Tuition at public two-year institutions increased 47% (from $1,019 to $1,501).
  • Tuition at public four-year institutions increased 56% (from $1,805 to $2,807).
    Income
  • Median family income increased 10% (from $52,239 to $57,448).
    Appropriations
  • Appropriations per student increased 3% (from $7,653 to $7,877).
    Student Financial Aid
  • State grant aid per student decreased 49% (from $15 to $8).
  • State spending on aid to low-income students equals 1% of federal Pell Grant aid distributed in the state.
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