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Five National Trends
 
State Trends
 
National Averages
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Data Sources
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Data Sources
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Trends
 
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  Data Sources for Five National Trends

Figures 1 and 2
Tuition at public 2-year and 4-year colleges and universities as a percentage of family income, by income quintile, 1980-2001. Tuition at private 4-year colleges and universities as a percentage of family income, by income quintile, 1980-2001.

    Tuition source: College Board. Trends in College Pricing 2002. Washington, D.C.

Figure 3
Federal Pell Grant aid and state grant aid as a percentage of tuition at public 4-year colleges and universities (in current dollars), 1986-2001.

    Pell and State Aid Sources: College Board. Trends in Student Aid: 1980 to 1988, 1999, 2002. Washington, D.C.
    Tuition source: College Board. Trends in College Pricing 2002. Washington, D.C.
    CPI source: U.S. Department Of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers. http://www.bls.gov/cpi/.
Figure 4
Percentage of student financial aid devoted to grants vs. loans, 1981-2001.
    College Board, Trends in Student Aid 2002. Washington, D.C.
Figures 5 and 6
Percentage of 4th and 5th year seniors at public four-year institutions who had ever borrowed, by income quartile, 1989 vs. 1999. Average cumulative amount borrowed by 4th and 5th year seniors at public 4-year institutions who had ever borrowed, by income quartile, 1989 vs. 1999, in 1999 dollars.
    1989 source: National Center for Education Statistics. Trends in Undergraduate Borrowing: Federal Student Loans in 1989-90, 1992-93 and 1995-96, NCES 2000-151. Washington, D.C.: 2000.
    1999 source: National Center for Education Statistics. National Postsecondary Student Aid Survey 2000. Washington, D.C.: 2001. http://nces.ed.gov/das/.
    CPI Source: U.S. Department Of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers. http://www.bls.gov/cpi/.
Figure 7
Percentage change since previous year in tuition at public 4-year colleges, median family income, and per student state appropriations (in 2002 dollars), 1981-2002.
    Tuition source for AK, DE, HI and WY: Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board. Research Institution Tuition 1972-2002 [database]. Olympia, WA: 2001. Tuition source for all other states: Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board. Comprehensive Tuition 1972-2002 [database]. Olympia, WA: 2001.
    Appropriations source: Center for Higher Education & Finance. Grapevine: A National Database of Tax Support for Higher Education. Normal, IL: Illinois State University. Various years.
    Full-time equivalent enrollment. Note: Data are not available for 2001 and 2002 which are estimated based on the annual percent increase from 1985 to 2000.
    National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics. Washington, D.C.: annual publication years 1993 to 2002.
Figure 8
Per student revenues of public institutions of higher education, 1980-2000, in 2002 dollars. Note: this includes revenues from tuition and fees, the federal government, state and local governments, private sources, and endowment income. Category excludes revenue from higher education sales and services, for which auxiliary enterprises and hospitals generate most of the revenues. Revenues for each year were divided by the number of public FTE for that year. All figures are then adjusted for inflation (2002 dollars) using the consumer price index. Totals are based on totals for revenue streams included in the analysis. Totals do not include revenues from sales and services and other sources.
    Revenue source: National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics. Washington, D.C.: annual publication years 1984 to 2001. Data for 1997 through 2000 are preliminary data from the National Center for Education Statistics, IPEDS Peer Analysis program. NCES states that this data should not be used for aggregate analysis.

    Full-time equivalent enrollment: National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics. annual publication years 1993 to 2002. Washington, D.C.

    CPI source: U.S. Department Of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers. http://www.bls.gov/cpi/.

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