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Five National Trends
 
State Trends
 
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Data Sources
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  Five National Trends

Figure 1. Public Tuition

Figure 2. Private Tuition

Tuition as a percentage of family income, by income quintile, 1980-2001.
Sources: College Board; US Census Bureau.


Figure 3. Grant Aid to Students Has Not Kept Pace with Increases in Tuition

Federal Pell Grant Aid and State Grant Aid as a Percentage of Tuition at Public 4-Year Institutions (in current dollars), 1986-2001.
Source: College Board.


Figure 4. Student Financial Aid Shifted from Grants to Loans

Percentage of Student Financial Aid Devoted to Grants vs. Loans, 1981- 2001.
Source: College Board.



Percentage of 4th and 5th Year Seniors at Public Four-Year Institutions
Who Had Ever Borrowed, 1989, vs. 1999
Source: National Center for Education Statistics.



Average Cumulative Loan Amount Borrowed by 4th and 5th Year Seniors at Public
Four-Year Institutions Who Had Never Borrowed (in 1999 Dollars)
Source: National Center for Education Statistics; U.S. Department of Labor.


Figure 7. Public Tuition Has Increased Most During Recessions

Percentage Change Since Previous Year in Average Tuition at Public Four-Year Colleges
and in Median Family Income (in 2002 dollars), 1981-2002.
Sources: Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board; US Census Bureau.


(Additional Chart)
Percent Change Since Previous Year in Tuition, Income, and State Appropriations

Percentage Change Since Previous Year in Average Tuition at Public Four-Year
Colleges, Median Family Income and Per Student State Appropriations (in 2002 dollars), 1981-2002.
Sources: Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board; US Census Bureau; Grapevine.


Figure 8. State Support for Higher Education Increased, but Tuition Increased More

Percent Growth from 1980 to 2000
Tuition and Fees117%
State Government24%
Federal Government69%
Local Government79%
Private Gifts, Grants,
and Contracts
210%
Endowment Income132%
Total Revenues56%

Per Student Revenues of Public Colleges and Universities (in 2002 dollars), 1980-2000.
Sources: National Center for Education Statistics; US Department of Labor.

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