Given the changing demographics of the nationís workforce over the next two decades, the current educational
disparities among racial/ethnic groups are projected to lead to a decline in the educational level of the U.S.
workforce as a whole. This drop in the levels of education completed would in turn result in a decrease
in personal income per capita among Americans.
This analysis is drawn from three projections, all based on both demographic trends and a continuation
of current disparities in personal income levels by ethnic group, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.2
The three projections differ as follows:
2Population projections are based on historical rates of change for immigration, birth, and death. Asian-Americans/Pacific Islanders are not included
in these projections because their level of education completed outpaces that of whites.
- Projection 1: Current educational gaps remain (but they do not continue to widen). This projection
assumes the status quo: that current levels and gaps in levels of education completed among racial/ethnic
populations would remain as they are. This means that inequality would persist within and among states
in the educational levels of racial/ethnic groups.
- Projection 2: Parity within each state. This projection assumes substantial improvement: that schools,
colleges, and universities within each state would raise the levels of education completed of African-
Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, and Native Americans to that of whites currently in the state. However,
inequality would persist among states in the educational levels of their residents.
- Projection 3: Parity across the U.S. This projection offers a best-case scenario: that schools, colleges,
and universities nationwide would raise the level of education completed of African-Americans,
Hispanics/Latinos, and Native Americans to that of whites currently in the five best-performing states.