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Foreword
 
Introduction
 
The Challenges Presented by Measuring Up 2000
 
Crunching the Numbers: Looking Behind the Grades
 
Presentation of the "Best" Models for Each Performance Measure
 
Discussion of Model Results
 
Policy Conclusions and Suggestions for Future Research
 
Appendix I: Preliminary Measures Organized into Clusters of Influence
 
Appendix II: Final Variables Used in Analysisthor
 
About the Authors
 
About the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education
 

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Page 8 of 11

Appendix I: Preliminary Measures Organized into Clusters of Influence

Economic/demographic Cluster

PCPI: Per capita personal income, 2000 (Bureau of Economic Affairs).
POPUL: State population, 1998-99 (National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2000).
CHGGRADS: Projected percentage change in the number of all high school graduates, 1999-2010 (National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2000).
LESSHS: Percentage of the state population with less than a high school diploma or its equivalent (generated by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education based on U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Surveys, 1998 supplements).
PCMINST: Percentage of the state population that is non-white, 1998-99 (National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2000).
PCMETRO: Percentage of households in the state living in metropolitan areas, 1998 (U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract).
PERPOV: Percentage of children living in poverty, 1997 (Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count, 2001).
GINI: Gini Ratio, 1998 (U.S. Census Bureau). This statistic summarizes the dispersion of income shares across the whole income distribution, where 0 = perfect equity.

Design Cluster

PCPUB2C: Percentage of undergraduates in the state enrolled at public two-year institutions, fall 1998 (U.S. Department of Education, Digest of Education Statistics, 2000).
PCPRIV4: Percentage of undergraduates in the state enrolled at private four-year institutions, fall 1998 (U.S. Department of Education, Digest of Education Statistics, 2000).
PCMINHE: Percentage of non-white students enrolled in higher education, 1998-99 (National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2000).
POPINST: State population per higher education institutions in the state, 1998-99 (National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2000).
PCTPT: Percentage of part-time students enrolled in postsecondary education, 1996 (National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2000).

Funding Cluster

EXPGSP: Education spending in 1998 per $1,000 in state wealth (gross state product) (Education Week, "Quality Counts 2001").
EXPSTUD: Unadjusted education spending in 1999, per public elementary and secondary student (Education Week, "Quality Counts 2001").
APPRINC: State and local appropriations for higher education per $1,000 of personal income, FY 1999 (National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2000).
APPRCAP: State and local appropriations for higher education, per capita, FY 1999 (National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Measuring Up 2000).
WTPCTUIT: Gross tuition revenues as a percentage of total education and general revenues, weighted by FTE students, 1995-96, for public two- and four-year institutions and private, not-for-profit four-year institutions in the state (Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, analysis by the Institute for Higher Education Policy).
WTTFAV: Average undergraduate in-state tuition and fees, weighted by FTE undergraduates, 1995-96, for public two and four-year institutions and private, not-for-profit four-year institutions in the state (Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, analysis by the Institute for Higher Education Policy).
AIDSTUD: Average institutional and state aid per FTE student, 1995-96, for public two- and four-year institutions and private, not-for-profit four-year institutions in the state (Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, analysis by the Institute for Higher Education Policy). This hypothetical average is for all students, using state and all other forms of institutional aid, excluding federal aid.
SUBSRAT: Ratio of the average subsidy (education and general revenue less tuition revenue) per FTE student for public research/doctoral institutions in the state, to average subsidies for public two-year institutions in the state, 1995-96 (Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, analysis conducted by the Institute for Higher Education Policy).
SUBSDIFF: Average difference between the subsidies described above (Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, analysis by the Institute for Higher Education Policy).
RESEQUIT: Index of resource equity among K-12 school districts (Education Week, "Quality Counts 2001").

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